Company Y is a large retail company specializing in daily necessities. The company has many varieties of products, many categories of inventory materials, and difficult inventory management. Nowadays they encounter a lot of problems regarding inventory.
How to realize that the inventory is not overstocked, and there is no shortage of stock? .
How to improve the efficiency of in and out of the warehouse, and at the same time minimize the material loss of the warehouse?
To solve the above two problems, it is necessary to do inventory planning and inventory operations.
1.Odoo can ensure that the warehouse is not run out of stock or overstocked through powerful inventory functions and flexible replenishment strategy settings.
2.Odoo also provides a wealth of functions to help warehouse operators improve the accuracy and efficiency of operations.
查看库存量 Check inventory
The first is to clearly view the inventory. In the Odoo inventory module, there are various inventory quantities, such as on-hand inventory, forecast inventory, available inventory, and historical inventory.
The current actual quantity of the item in the warehouse.
商品在仓库里的将来的数量，系统可以显示指定特定日期的预测库存，如明天，或者下周一。预测库存计算原理是，在手库存 + 即将入库的库存 - 即将出库的库存。即将入库的库存，如采购已下单，但供应商尚未到货的数量；即将出库的库存，如销售已成单，但尚未发货的数量。
The future quantity of goods in the warehouse, the system can display the predicted inventory on a specified date, such as tomorrow, or next Monday. The calculation principle is, inventory in hand + inventory to be put into storage - inventory to be shipped out. Inventory that is about to be put into storage, such as the quantity that has been ordered for purchase but not yet delivered by the supplier; inventory that is about to be released, such as the quantity that has been sold but has not been shipped.
仓库里的商品可以发货的数量。Odoo中不仅可以查看当前的可用库存，还可以查看将来特定日期的可用库存。其计算原理是，在手库存 - 即将出库的库存。对库存管理来说，重要的是可用数量有多少。Odoo进行MRP运算时候，判断缺不缺料，缺多少料，参考的是可用库存，不是在手库存。
The number of items that can be shipped in the warehouse. In Odoo you can view not only the current available stock, but also the stock available on a specific date in the future. It is calculated on the basis of stock in hand - stock to be shipped out. What is important to inventory management is how many quantities are available. When Odoo performs MRP calculation, it judges whether there is a shortage of materials, and how much material is lacking. The reference is the available inventory, not the inventory in hand.
It can be seen that Odoo has a powerful inventory viewing function, because it draws on the double-entry bookkeeping of accounting and adopts a more complex double-entry inventory management logic.Different from Kingdee, Yonyou and other software, you can only check the current inventory, and at most one current virtual inventory (similar to Odoo's available inventory), you cannot check the historical inventory, nor the forecast inventory.
强大的补货功能 Powerful replenishment function
In the odoo inventory module, we can set up a variety of strategies for automatic replenishment of missing materials. Common replenishment strategies include safety stock, on-demand replenishment, chain replenishment, and more. After the strategy is set, the system will automatically determine whether there is a shortage of materials, and automatically initiate a shortage replenishment order to remind relevant personnel to replenish.
For some frequently used materials, the safety stock can be set. Once the safety stock is lower than the safety stock, the system will automatically initiate a replenishment suggestion.
Zero inventory management, some materials that are not commonly used, or non-universal materials, such as materials customized according to customer requirements, do not have inventory, and replenish when needed. For example, a foreign trade company will go to buy after receiving foreign orders. In Odoo, taking a foreign trade company as an example, after the commodity is set to be replenished on demand, the foreign trade salesperson (or sales office) confirms the sales order in the system, and the system automatically creates a purchase proposal. Moreover, if the products of the same order have different suppliers, the system will automatically generate different purchase proposals according to the suppliers. If it is an assembly, Odoo will also automatically split it into parts, and automatically create a purchase proposal for each part.
Odoo can set a chain replenishment strategy, allowing the system to automatically realize chain replenishment. For example, finished product A is composed of part B, and part B is composed of raw material C. A, B, and C are in different warehouses, A is in the finished product warehouse, B is in the semi-finished product warehouse, and C is in the raw material warehouse. The sales sold 100 pieces of A, and the system found that there were only 60 pieces of A in the finished product warehouse and 40 gaps. The system automatically initiated A's replenishment proposal (A's production proposal), and the system further found that the production of A needs to take material B, but B is also short of materials, so B's production proposal is automatically initiated. Production B needs to pick C, and C is out of stock. Therefore, the system automatically initiates C's purchase proposal. In this way, the shortage of a warehouse and a commodity has triggered a series of subsequent out-of-stock behaviors.
In Odoo, functions such as shelf location management, wave management, barcode operation, package management, batch/serial number management, expiration date management, inventory age management, and personnel performance management can improve the quality of warehouse operations.
Odoo can set the shelf strategy. First, set the location code on each shelf and cargo location, paste the barcode, and then when the warehouse is put in, the system recommends which products should be put into the warehouse to which location according to the shelf strategy. When out of the warehouse, the system tells the picker which location to pick the goods according to the shelf strategy.
Wave strategy can be set in Odoo, the system automatically divides waves, collects invoices, combines multiple orders into one wave, picks goods in batches, and improves operation efficiency. For warehouses with large shipments, such as e-commerce sales and shipments, tens of thousands of shipments are shipped a day. Pickers can collect multiple shipments together for processing.
Odoo has a barcode operation module. Barcode operations are supported for warehousing, putting on shelves, picking off shelves, packing, leaving warehouses, and stocktaking, improving the accuracy of warehouse operations.
When entering the warehouse, you can specify the batch and expiration date of the goods in the warehouse. When leaving the warehouse, you can set the removal strategy, such as first in, first out, first due, first out, and the system automatically recommends the products that are out of stock first. For example, for food wholesale companies that supply supermarkets, different supermarkets have different validity periods, such as one-half validity period and four-fifth validity period. The confirmation of these irregular validity periods often greatly reduces the warehouse. Worker efficiency. If Odoo is used, the system will automatically recommend picking locations and picking batches, greatly improving work efficiency.
Large packages contain small packages, and small packages contain merchandise. In the logistics process, you only need to scan the outermost package code, and the system can automatically track the flow of goods inside the package. When the destination warehouse is put into storage, there is no need to unpack and scan the codes one by one, as long as the barcode of the outermost package is scanned, the whole package can be automatically put into storage.
In Odoo, you can query the storage time, inventory age, and expiration time of each batch of goods. You can also set policies. If the inventory age exceeds a certain time, an email will be automatically sent to notify the relevant personnel to deal with it.
Individual performance: Odoo can automatically record the time used in each stage, such as the ordering time, picking time, packing time, delivery time, picker, packer, and shipper of each invoice. Based on this statistic, management can see at a glance who is working more and who is working faster.
Odoo's inventory module provides a variety of inventory operation functions, which greatly improves the quality and efficiency of warehouse operations. Managers can choose according to warehouse needs.
部分内容引用 | Odoo 老杨：世界排名第一的免费开源WMS仓储物流管理系统介绍